The Agora's research pages are moving to and can be found at the following link:

[Website]  The Athenian Citizen: Introduction

The government of ancient Athens concerned itself with many aspects of the lives of its citizens. In the pure democracy of Athens the government was not only of the people and for the people but also ...

[Website]  The Athenian Citizen: The Agora and Pnyx

Center of public activity, the Agora was a large open square where all the citizens could assemble (2, 3). It was used for a variety of functions: markets, religious processions, athletic contests, military ...

[Website]  The Athenian Citizen: Citizenship Tribes and Demes

Every male Athenian, above and beyond the regular universal military training for service in the citizen army, was subject to universal political service. Besides being a member of the Assembly, he was ...

[Website]  The Athenian Citizen: The Eponymous Heroes

Just as all governmental activity and policy stemmed from the individual Athenian citizen, so there was a center in the Agora from which the lines of power went out to all men in all fields of activity ...

[Website]  The Athenian Citizen: Military Service

After the 18-year-old was registered in his deme as a citizen and was approved by the Council, he entered military service as a young conscript (ephebe) with other members of his tribe. “The fathers hold ...

[Website]  The Athenian Citizen: The Council and Magistrates

Like selection for military service, allotment to the Council was organized according to the division by tribes; 50 members from each tribe acted as a unit in the Council and held the presidency (prytany) ...

[Website]  The Athenian Citizen: Law Against Tyranny

In the fourth century B.C. the Athenians were faced with the dangerous possibility of tyranny. Although the Macedonian king had guaranteed Athenian democracy in the peace following the battle of Chaironeia ...

[Website]  The Athenian Citizen: Ostracism

In addition to the legal assassination condoned in the Law against Tyranny, a less extreme method was also available for removing powerful but dangerous men from public life. This was a formal, regular ...

[Website]  The Athenian Citizen: Judiciary and Lawcourts

The lawcourts of Athens, a city notorious throughout Greece for the litigiousness of her citizens, were both numerous and large. Several of these lawcourts were in the immediate vicinity of the Agora, ...

[Website]  The Athenian Citizen: Athenian Currency

Many of the specialized administrative boards have left material traces of their activities. Most prolific of these were the moneyers, or Overseers of the Mint. Throughout her history Athens was noted ...

[Website]  The Athenian Citizen: Standard Weights and Measures

The Controllers of Measures (Metronomoi) have also left us many samples of their work. One set of bronze weights (34), inscribed as standard weights of the Athenians, are surmounted by molded symbols ...


[Object]  A 1133: Tile Standard

One corner and part of one end broken away; otherwise complete. On one face two long concave cuttings, one wide and shaped rather like a rain tile, the other narrow and rather like a cover tile. Anathyrosis ... 17 July 1946


[Object]  AO 152: Ostrakon of Themistokles Neokleos

Βάση μελαμβαφούς κύλικος, (Θεμιστοκλής Νεοκλέους). Διάφοροι χείρες.


[Object]  B 146: Dikast's Ballot

Entire; pierced. Clearing area of S.W. building, disturbed. Leica, Color slide, 80-130 ... 28 February 1934


[Object]  B 262: Shield

Inscribed. Found largely complete, but very much bent and chipped. An oval shield with a narrow rim ornamented with a fine multiple guilloche pattern repousse. The central part of the shield was apparently ... 7 February 1936


[Object]  B 492: Athenian Weight : "a Fourth"

Thick square slab of bronze. The metal having a high lead content. On the top added in relief, an oval shield. Inscribed on top lengthwise of the shield and around two vertical faces. Σταθμά εξ ορειχάλκου ... 4 June 1937


[Object]  B 495: Athenian Weight : Stater

Thick square slab of bronze. The metal with a high lead context. On the top, in relief, an astragal. Incised on the top and around two of the side faces. Σταθμά εξ ορειχάλκου. Αθηναϊκός ενεπίγραφος στατήρας ... 7 June 1937


[Object]  B 497: Athenian Weight : "a Sixth"

Thick square bronze block. Tortoise on top in relief. Inscribed on top and sides. Σταθμά εξ ορειχάλκου. Φέρει στην κορυφή ανάγλυφη παράσταση χελώνας. Βάρος: 126 gr. Well, lower fill, earth. Stoa Gallery ... 11 June 1937

[Object]  B 725: Phiale Fragment

Part of the floor, and the omphalos, preserved. Pitiful condition. Pit, burned patch at east, near Sacrificial Pit X. 2275 Leica ... 13 June 1939


[Object]  B 822: Dikast's Ticket

Broken off at the right. Very thin. Inscribed in punched letters. Eνεπίγραφο δικαστικό πινάκιο. Φέρει αποκρούσεις στη μία του πλευρά. Acropolis Museum Temporary Exhibition (May 2010) House C, room 4, layer ... 13 October 1947


[Object]  B 1046: Blanks

Eleven pieces cut from a rod. One of these is the remnant of the rod, become to short for further cutting. Eight pieces are "normal", two are scraps. The cutting was done with a chisel anywhere from one ... 16 June 1953


[Object]  B 1056: Dikast's Ballot

Intact. Solid hub. Obverse : plain Reverse : E Δικαστική ψήφος, με ανάγλυφη παράσταση γράμματος "Ε". Terrace, first northern extension. Metals Room 90-27 Nov. 24, 2003-April 15, 2004 2773 Leica, color ... 27 November 1953

[Object]  B 1058: Dikast's Ballot

Intact. Solid hub. Inscribed. Obverse : ΨΗΦΟΣ ΔΗΜΟΣΙΑ Reverse : Ε Ενεπίγραφη δικαστική ψήφος. Terrace, first northern extension. Metals Room 90-27 Nov. 24, 2003-April 15, 2004 2773 Leica, color slide, ... 27 November 1953


[Object]  B 1082: Official Measure

Cylindrical. Sides slightly concave. Raised bands at top and bottom. Flat bottom with three broad shallow legs of which one missing. Inscription incised around band at top. See B 1082 BIS. Μέτρο χαλκού, ... Card: ca. 400 B.C.

[Object]  B 1082 BIS: Official Measure

This measure is smaller than the B 1082. The tripod feet appears to have been set upside down inside the first but the corrosion is so far advanced that the two cannot be separated. Bottom and less than ... Card: ca. 400 B.C.


[Object]  B 1221: Flan

Smoothed, made ready for striking Panathenaic Way cut I, loose upper filling. Late Roman. 558 Leica ... 25 April 1959

[Object]  B 1253: Blank for Bronze Coin

End of a bronze rod somewhat angular in section out by a cold chisel. Reminiscent of blanks from the mint. South Stoa II, east end , layer III. Disturbed 2nd c. B.C. context. 6641 Leica ... 18 July 1960

[Object]  B 1641: Flan

The flan has two sides. One is flat with some striations. The other has leveled edges and a central punch mark. Next to the punch mark is a countermanrk of an open right hand, implying the flan had circulated ... Card: 2nd c. A.D.


[Object]  I 236: Record Fragments

Inscribed fragments. Confiscated property of Alcibiades. "POLETAI" record. Fragment ΣΤ 604 from upper right corner of inscribed block. Full thickness of block preserved, but large flakes broken from surface ... (ΣΤ 604) 11 May 1932 a) (Κ 1350) 16 July 1947 b) (Κ 22) 22 January 1934 c) (ΘΘ 5) 18 December 1936 c) (ΙΙ 242b) March 1938 d) (ΘΘ 30) 30 December 1936 d) (ΘΘ 44) 17 January 1937 d) )ΙΙ 133) 7-8 March 1938 ...


[Object]  I 317: Marble Fragment: Treaty

Top of inscribed stele. The full width of the stone, and the top surface, is preserved. The plain top, on which are the first two lines of the inscription, projects 0.015m. from the main part of the stele ... 450 B.C.


[Object]  I 3967: Kleroterion

Broken, full width and thickness preserved. Setting tongue at bottom. Back appears to have been rough picked; worn smooth from later use. Sides smooth. Eleven rows of slots. At the left side traces of ... 1935


[Object]  I 6524: Decree Fragment

Inscribed fragment of stele. The top akroterion and some of the bottom below the setting line broken away; otherwise intact. An attempt was made in antiquity to break up the stele, and a narrow channel ... 337/336 B.C.


[Object]  I 6959: Marble Fragments: Casualty List

Inscribed fragments. Fragment ΕΛ 280 a), broken at left and below. Anathyrosis at right. Cutting for T-clamp in top. Back smooth picked. Stoichedon (lines 3 ff.) Fragment ΒΔ 14 b), broken on all three ... 5th. century B.C.


[Object]  I 7039: Boundary Stone

Inscribed Agora boundary stone. Top worn smooth by traffic. Corners broken. Inscription written retrograde across top and along left side. Inscription does not cover corners, a fact perhaps indicating ... 27 July 1967


[Object]  IL 315: Lead Weight

Square. In relief on upper surface, amphora and raised letters. In relief on the body of the amphora, a draped bearded figure, seated right in a high-backed throne; in his left hand a staff. Behind the ... 17 June 1935


[Object]  IL 1563: Lead Cavalry Tablet

Text complete, but about 0.04 of tablet missing from right. Originally folded in three. Inscription on both sides. Joins IL 1600. Μολύβδινη ταινία. Λείπει τμήμα από τη δεξιά της άκρη. Well. Stoa Gallery ... 2-3 July 1971


[Object]  IL 1572: Lead Token

Whole to right. A: greave in incuse circle. B: letter alpha (A) in relief. Overstrock. Μολύβδινο σύμβολο, με παράσταση περικνημίου πολεμιστού στη μία πλευρά και ανάγλυφη παράσταση γράμματος "Α" στην άλλη ... 2 July 1971


[Object]  IL 1573: Lead Token

Whole. A: thorax (breast plate; two layers of lappets, mounted on a pole ?). Incised circle. B: letter gamma (Γ) in relief. Overstrock. Μολύβδινο σύμβολο, με παράσταση θώρακα στη μία πλευρά και ανάγλυφη ... 2 July 1971


[Object]  IL 1574: Lead Token

Chips missing. A: thorax in incuse circle. (Breast plate; two layers of lappets, mounted on a pole ?). B: letter alpha (A) in relief. Overstrock on token with another letter. Μολύβδινο σύμβολο, με παράσταση ... 3 July 1971


[Object]  IL 1575: Lead Token

Chip missing. A: helmet to right in incuse circle. B: letter gamma (Γ) in relief. Overstrock on token with alpha (A) or delta (Δ). Μολύβδινο σύμβολο, με παράσταση περικεφαλαίας στη μία πλευρά και ανάγλυφη ... 3 July 1971