The Agora's research pages are moving to ascsa.net and can be found at the following link: http://agora.ascsa.net.


[Website]  Agora Short Guide: Introduction

Classical Athens saw the rise of an achievement unparalleled in history. Perikles, Aeschylus, Sophokles, Plato, Demosthenes, Thucydides, and Praxiteles represent just a few of the statesmen and playwrights, ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: History of the Agora

The excavations of the Athenian Agora have uncovered about thirty acres on the sloping ground northwest of the Acropolis (Fig. 3). Material of all periods from the Late Neolithic to modern times has been ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: Panathenaic Way

Numerous roads led in and out of the Agora square. By far the most important, however, was the broad street known as the Dromos or Panathenaic Way, the principal thoroughfare of the city (Fig. 4). It ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: Altar of the Twelve Gods

Near the middle of the open square, somewhat to the north, lay the Altar of the Twelve Gods (Fig. 7), today largely hidden under the Athens–Piraeus railway (1891). A corner of the enclosure wall survives, ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: Stoa of Zeus Eleutherios

Lying just south of the railroad tracks, along the west side, are the remains of the Stoa of Zeus Eleutherios (Freedom) (Figs. 8, 9). This cult of Zeus was established after the battle of Plataia in 479 ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: Temple of Apollo Patroos

Next to the Stoa of Zeus at the south are the remains of a small temple of Apollo Patroos (Fatherly), so-called because he was the father of Ion, founder of the Ionian Greeks, a tribe that included the ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: Hephaisteion

Overlooking the Agora from the hill to the west (Kolonos Agoraios), is the Hephaisteion, the best preserved example of a Doric temple in mainland Greece (Fig. 12). It was dedicated jointly to Hephaistos ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: Tholos

The south half of the west side was given over to the major administrative buildings used to run the Athenian democracy (Fig. 14). The buildings are poorly preserved, but the identifications are secure ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: Bouleuterion

Just uphill from the Tholos was the Bouleuterion, meeting place of the boule, or senate. Five hundred Athenian citizens were chosen by lot to serve for a year, and met in this building every day except ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: Metroon

The Metroon served two functions; it was both a sanctuary of the Mother of the Gods and the archive building of the city, a repository of official records (Fig. 19). The present remains date to the mid-2nd ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: Monument of the Eponymous Heroes

Across the street from the Metroon lie the remains of the Monument of the Eponymous Heroes (Fig. 21). When Kleisthenes created the democracy in 508/7 B.C., he assigned all the Athenians to ten newly-formed ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: Boundary Stones and House of Simon the Cobbler

Inscribed marble posts were used to mark the entrances to the Agora wherever a street led into the open square. Two have been found in situ, inscribed with the simple text "I am the boundary of the Agora," ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: Southwest Area

Leaving the area of the boundary stone, one can head southwest up a valley leading toward the Pnyx, meeting place of the Athenian assembly. Here are the complex remains of a residential and commercial ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: Southwest Fountain House

Closer to the agora proper a row of five public buildings lined the south side of the square in the Classical period (Fig. 29, 36). They comprise several important monuments, though their state of preservation ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: Aiakeion

Immediately to the east are the poor remains of a large square enclosure, open to the sky and measuring about 30 meters on a side. Built in the early 5th century, at the command of the oracle of Apollo ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: South Stoa I

Measuring some 80 meters long, South Stoa I takes up much of the south side; its eastern end is the better preserved (Figs. 31, 32). It had a double colonnade, with sixteen rooms behind. It dates to ca ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: Southeast Fountain House

The slight traces just south of the Church of the Holy Apostles have been identified as the remains of an early fountain house (Figs. 33, 34). The identification is based on a large terracotta pipeline ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: Mint

Just east of the fountain house lie the miserable remains of a large square building with several rooms; the northern half lies under the Church of the Holy Apostles and the Southeast Temple (Early Roman) ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: Middle Stoa

The appearance of the south side of the Agora was radically changed during the 2nd century B.C. with the construction of several new buildings. This South Square, as it is called, was made up of two long ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: East Building

Running southward from the east end of the Middle Stoa is the East Building. Its eastern half takes the form of a long hall with a marble chip floor and stone slabs designed to carry wooden furniture, ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: South Stoa II

South Stoa II ran westward from the south end of the East Building, parallel to the Middle Stoa (Figs. 38, 41). Dating to the second half of the 2nd century B.C., it consisted of a single Doric colonnade ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: Late Roman Fortification Wall

East of the East Building and Mint we arrive once again at the Panathenaic Way, which in this area is lined along its eastern side by a massive wall built in the 3rd century A.D. (Fig. 42). The wall was ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: Library of Pantainos

Lying partially under and behind the Late Roman wall are the remains of a building identified by its inscribed marble lintel block as the Library of Pantainos, dedicated to Athena Archegetis, the emperor ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: Stoa of Attalos

Lining the east side of the Agora square is the Stoa of Attalos (Fig. 47), built during the reign of Attalos II of Pergamon (159–138 B.C.), who studied in Athens under the philosopher Karneades before ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: Lawcourts

Underlying the north end of the Stoa of Attalos are the slight remains of a group of buildings dating to the 5th and 4th centuries B.C. (Fig. 50). Largely open courtyards, they seem to have served as ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: Odeion of Agrippa

Late in the 1st century B.C. the Athenians were given money for a new marketplace by Caesar and Augustus, and the northern half of the old Agora square was filled with two new structures, the Odeion of ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: Temple of Ares

Just north of the Odeion lie the ruins of a building identified by Pausanias as a temple of Ares (Figs. 56, 57). The foundations are of Early Roman construction and date, but the marble pieces of the ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: Northwest Corner and the Hermes

The area of the northwest corner is where the Panathenaic Way, leading from the main gate of Athens, the Dipylon, entered the Agora square (Figs. 58, 59). This was accordingly the appropriate place for ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: Royal Stoa

On the west side, lying just south of the Panathenaic Way, are the remains of the Royal Stoa (Stoa Basileios), one of the earliest and most important of the public buildings of Athens (Figs. 61, 62) ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: Stoa Poikile

Across modern Hadrian Street are the most recent excavations (2003), along the north side of the square. Here have been revealed the remains of another large stoa, identified on the basis of Pausanias ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: Church of the Holy Apostles

Several churches were removed following the excavation of the modern neighborhoods overlying the Agora. The Church of the Holy Apostles, because of its early date, was deemed worth preserving and, indeed, ...

[Website]  Agora Short Guide: History of the Excavations

Some of the Agora monuments have never been fully buried and were explored by the Archaeological Society starting in the 19th century: the Stoa of Attalos (1859–1862, 1874, and 1898–1902), the Giants ...

[Object]  BI 728: Bone Button

Intact. Button-like object but hole not pierced through. A couple of grooves and ridges near edge; also around "hole". On undersurface, groups of scratches radiating from the center. Catalogued April 1954 ...

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[Object]  I 2729: Marble Fragment

Inscribed fragment. At top of wall, as preserved, inscribed face is up; left face formed part of north face of wall. Sides dressed smooth. Dimensions are maxima visible before removal. Full width preserved; ... 11 December 1934

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[Object]  I 7039: Boundary Stone

Inscribed Agora boundary stone. Top worn smooth by traffic. Corners broken. Inscription written retrograde across top and along left side. Inscription does not cover corners, a fact perhaps indicating ... 27 July 1967

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[Object]  IL 1361: Iron Nails

Six nails. Wide flat heads, short tangs, bent. Hobnails (?) Έξι σιδηροί ήλοι. Many more nails in containers nos. 172-173, from succesive strosis. Finished House B, strosis 5, found on floor. Dec.1, 2003- ... April 1954

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[Object]  P 5117: Black Glaze Vicup with Graffito

Parts of rim missing. Restored in plaster. Similar in shape and fabric to P 5116 (Α 1038), with a similar graffito scratched through the dry glaze in the middle of the floor, as well as on the underside ... 12-15 March 1935

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[Object]  P 13429: Olpe: Inscribed

Neck, handle and much of back wall missing. Flat bottom; gently rounding sides. Above, on the shoulder, painted in the glaze, the ligature delta-epsilon. Pinkish-buff clay. Glazed. Neck glazed inside; ... 8 June 1938

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[Object]  P 22998: Black Glaze Cup Fragment with Graffiti

Kylix foot, complete except for chips; vertical face slightly concave. Glazed on top surface and on inner part of underside; a glazed line also around lower edge of vertical face. Inscribed both on top ... 10 April 1953

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[Object]  S 399: Base with Relief of Charioteer, Warrior ...

The base has been hacked away on top and in the back; great, rough cuttings extend from the central rectangular cutting on the top, presumably made when the base was first cut, to support what ever stood ... 4th c. B.C.

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[Object]  S 922: Relief of Mother of the Gods

Relief in a pedimented niche. The Mother wears a polos and is seated in a chair with a footstool; patera in right hand and tympanon in left; lion in lap. Small standing figures to her right, and to left; ... 16 May 1937

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[Object]  S 2154: Statue of Apollo Patroos

For detailed description see H. A. Thompson's article in ArchEph (1953-1954), pp. 30-44. Catalogued 1961. Found in 1907 ca. 20.00m. south of Temple of Apollo Patroos. Transferred from National Museum, ... 1907

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[Object]  S 2452: Herm Head

Broken at neck, preserving part of socket of right arm. Tip of nose broken. Lower lip replaced, probably ancient repair during carving. Bearded. Long hair in waves from face and circulating from crown ... 17-20 August 1971

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[Object]  S 2499: Herm Head

Broken at bottom. Beard, side locks, right side of nose, left central part of curls over forehead broken away. Crack across top of head. Cutting and dowel for repair at lower back. Alcamenoid herm. Hair ... 2nd c. A.D.

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[Object]  S 3347: Herm Head

Broken at neck. Back of head, including part of one ear; appears to have been cut to form flat surface. Tip of beard and nose missing. Very worn. Heavy encrustation on hair above forehead, nothing on re-cut ... 7 July 1981

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[Coin]  N 24585: Greek Coin

Coin no. 1. Casts. below 1.75m. Peribolos of Twelve Gods, cut D. Head of Athena r., wearing Attic helmet ornamented with palmette and olive leaves. ΑΘΕ Owl standing r., facing; behind, olive spray and ... Athens ... Ca. 450's - 404 B.C.

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[Drawing]  PD 5-2003: Reconstructed plan of the Temple of ...

Version of PD 5 for Agora Picture Book 16, The Athenian Agora, a short guide to the excavations. Greek and English.

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[Drawing]  PD 90: Restored section through Odeion, looking ...

John Travlos ... Transparent print used for Agora Plaster Model, stored in 11-1. Color Slide. Scanned. DB: 85 (05/03/2001) XLII-10

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[Drawing]  PD 791: Restoration of the couches of one room ...

John Travlos Piet de Jong ... Missing 1973. iii-99 53-294

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[Drawing]  PD 978-2003: Plans of the Stoa of Attalos, 159–138 B.C.

Greek and English version of PD 978 in Agora Picture Book 16 (2003).

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[Drawing]  PD 1148-2003: Cutaway view of the Archaic and Classical ...

Version in Greek and English of PD 1148 for AgoraPicBk 16 (2003).

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[Drawing]  PD 1150-2003: Cutaway view of the South Square, 2nd ...

Greek and English version of PD 1150 in Agora Picture Book 16.

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[Drawing]  PD 1209-2003: Plan of the lawcourts under the north ...

Greek and English version of PD 1209 for the Agora Picture Book 16 (2003).

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[Drawing]  PD 1906: Perspective view of the Altar of the ...

M.H. McAllister ... Scanned. DB: 78 (05/03/2001) 86-516

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[Drawing]  PD 1908: Restored perspective drawing of the Metroon.

M.H. McAllister ... Scanned. DB: 74 (05/03/2001) 86-523

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[Drawing]  PD 1983-2003: Actual state plan of the Royal Stoa.

Greek and English version of PD 1983. In Agora Picture Book 16.

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[Drawing]  PD 2327-2003: Plan of the Library of Pantainos, ca. ...

Version of PD 2327 in Greek and English for the Agora Picture Book 16.

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[Drawing]  PD 2448-2003: Restored plan of the Mint, ca. 400 B.C.

English and Greek version of PD 2448 in Agora Picture Book 16.

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[Drawing]  PD 2453-2003: The Athenian Agora in A.D. 150.

English and Greek version of PD 2435. In Agora Picture Book 16.

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[Drawing]  PD 2504-2003: Reconstructed drawing of the west end ...

Version of PD 2504 for the Agora Picture Book 16.

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[Drawing]  PD 2571-2003: Drawing of the Late Roman reuse of the ...

Version of PD 2571 in Greek and English for the Agora Picture Book 16.

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[Drawing]  PD 2578-2003: Plan of the buildings at the southeast ...

Version of PD 2578 in English and in Greek for the Agora Picture Book 16.

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[Drawing]  PD 2644-2003: Plan of the northwest corner of the ...

A Greek and an English version of PD 2644 for the Agora Picture Book 16.

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[Image]  2008.20.0092

The area of the Agora before the start of excavations in 1931, view from the west. Note the square by the Hephaisteion. The Church of Agia Marina in foreground ... New negative from old photo 1-102 east Horizontal (normal) ... September 1931

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[Image]  2008.20.0044

Area west of the Holy Apostles and north of the Southeast Fountain House. Cut between west walls of later churches. Juncture of overflow pipes from the basins of the Southeast Fountain House. Second half ... Cf. 2010.01.0262 northeast 5824 Horizontal (normal) ... 5/8/1955

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[Image]  2010.01.0262

Area west of the Holy Apostles and north of the Southeast Fountain House. Cut between west walls of later churches. Juncture of overflow pipes from the basins of the Southeast Fountain House. Second half ... Large version of negative, cf. 2008.20.0044. northeast 5824 Horizontal (normal) ... 5/8/1955

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[Image]  2008.20.0091

The reconstruction of the Stoa of Attalos in 1956, view from the north. The middle of the roof slab poured. The Acropolis in the background ... Wide angle. southeast Horizontal (normal) ... 2/4/1956

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[Image]  1997.05.0468

Plan of the Temple of Hephaistos as a Christian church. John Travlos, private colllection ... John Travlos ... Top of the drawing missing!!/no PD, JT private collection. Rescanned Mar 2008. Horizontal (normal) ... 1958

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[Image]  2008.20.0017

The Hephaisteion (“Theseion”), seen from across the Agora ... west Horizontal (normal) ... 1958

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[Image]  1997.10.0001

Restored plan of the Sanctuary of Ares; new tracing of original plan PD #769 by M.R. Holland published in Hesperia 28 (1959), p. 61, fig. 24 ... H. B. = PD 769a M.R. Holland=PD 769 ... New tracing by H.B. of plan by M.R. Holland. Horizontal (normal) ... 1969

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[Image]  2002.02.0006

Restored plan of the Temple of Ares. Revised ... Helen Besi ... Horizontal (normal) ... 1969

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[Image]  2008.20.0073

Plan of the Temple of Ares, second half of 5th century B.C., rebuilt in the Agora in the late 1st century B.C ... Horizontal (normal) ... 1969

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[Image]  1997.01.0534

The remains of the Royal Stoa, after refilling of test trenches. At lower right is the South Annex. At upper right is the North Annex. View from the south ... Cf. 2008.20.0083 (higher resolution). north 1066 Horizontal (normal) ... 25/8/1970

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[Image]  2008.20.0083

The remains of the Royal Stoa, after refilling of test trenches. At lower right is the South Annex. At upper right is the North Annex. View from the south ... High resolution version of negative, cf. 1997.01.0534. Rights = 1 (Public) north 1066 Horizontal (normal) ... 25/8/1970

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[Image]  2008.20.0058

The north stoa of the Library of Pantainos, along the street leading to the Roman marketplace, ca. 100 A.D. Looking east toward the Gate of Athena ... Cf. 2011.04.0091. Rights = 1 (Public) east 1708 Horizontal (normal) ... August 1973

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[Image]  2011.04.0091

The north stoa of the Library of Pantainos, along the street leading to the Roman marketplace, ca. 100 A.D. Looking east toward the Gate of Athena ... Cf. 2008.20.0058 east 1708 Horizontal (normal) ... August 1973

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[Image]  2008.20.0063

Reconstructed Stoa of Attalos (1953–1956), viewed from the north-northwest. The Acropolis in the background ... BW and larger versions in Unworked/Projects/2004.02. Stoa and Acropolis - LCT-89 extras southeast Horizontal (normal) ... ca. 1985

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[Image]  2008.20.0090

Church of the Holy Apostles, 2002 ... Cf. 2011.04.0074 Horizontal (normal) ... 2002

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[Image]  2008.20.0093

Panorama of the Agora excavations, from the west, 2002 ... Craig Mauzy ... Horizontal (normal) ... 2002

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[Image]  2008.20.0070

Giant from Phase II of the Odeion, mid 2nd century A.D., reused in the facace of the Palace, 5th century A.D ... Horizontal (normal) ... 13/9/2002

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[Image]  2008.20.0032

Agora boundary stone found deep under the Middle Stoa. Letters and words run backward (retrograde), from right to left ... Craig Mauzy ... Cf. 2007.01.0949 Horizontal (normal) ... 24/11/2008

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[Image]  2004.02.0125

Area of the Agora after the War of Independence. Watercolor by J.J. Wolfensberger (1834). View looking west ... Craig Mauzy ... Cf. 2008.20.0094. west Horizontal (normal)

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[Image]  2008.20.0001

Owl from red figure cup ... Horizontal (normal)

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[Image]  2008.20.0002

Plan of the Agora at the height of its development in ca. A.D. 150 ... English version. Horizontal (normal)

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[Image]  2008.20.0003

Plan of the Agora at the height of its development in ca. A.D. 150 ... Greek version. Horizontal (normal)

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[Image]  2008.20.0004

Key to figure 1. Greek ... Horizontal (normal)

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[Image]  2008.20.0005

Key to figure 1. English ... Horizontal (normal)

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[Image]  2008.20.0006

Athenian silver tetradrachm, 5th century B.C., with the head of Athena on the obverse, and her sacred owl, an oliv sprig, and the legend (ΑΘΕ), on the reverse ... Craig Mauzy ... Horizontal (normal)

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[Image]  2008.20.0007

Panorama of the Agora viewed from the south, with the Hephaisteion (Theseion) at left and the restored Stoa of Attalos (museum) at right ... Craig Mauzy ... North Horizontal (normal)

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[Image]  2008.20.0008

Model of the Agora and northwest Athens in the 2nd century A.C., looking along the entire course of the Panathenaic Way from the Dipylon Gate (bottom) to the Acropolis (top); view from the northwest ... Cf. 2008.01.0001 Horizontal (normal)

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[Image]  2008.20.0009

Limestone channel with water basins along the Panathenaic Way ... Horizontal (normal)