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A 8-9:1: Hephaisteion Garden Fill

Hephaisteion Garden; fill beside wall. Loose filling encountered in rescue excavation to examine wall found during construction of public toilet in Theseion Park, outside Agora area. SIR 1991 Originally ... Second half of 4th c. B.C.


A 12:1: Roman Cellar

Subdivisions: .1=Layer 2: 3rd. c.-Hellenistic. .2=Layer 4: B.C.-A.D.: pre-Herulian ... 27 March-22 April 1936

A 12:1.1: Layer 2

Hellenistic Coins: 17 April 1936 #1 20 April 1936 #1 ... 3rd c.


A 12:1.2: Layer 4

Coins: 1 April 1936 #2 ... B.C.-A.D.: pre-Herulian


A 14:1: Well

Extract from notebook ΠΘ XIX, pp. 3644-3646. Well at 105/ΝΗ (report on sorting of pottery, July 19, 1951 - H.S. Robinson). "Not a useful well" HSR. Well dug to 1.50m., vi/9/36; dug from 1.50m. to bottom ... Early Roman; use fillings of 2nd. c. B.C. and 1st. and 4th. c. A.D.; dumped filling of late 4th. c. (HSR) Fill I: 2nd. c. B.C. Fill II-V: to second half of 4th. c. A.D. Fill VI: mixed to Byzantine.


A 14:1.1: Fill I

Coins: 23 April 1937 #1-#16 d22.80m. (bottom)-22.25m.d ... 2nd. c. B.C. POU


A 14:1.2: Fill II

Coins: 22 April 1937 #1-#5 ... Second half of 1st. c. A.D. POU


A 14:1.3: Fills III, IV, V

Coins: 9 April 1937 #1-#2 10 April 1937 #1-#2 12 April 1937 #1 Fill III (ca. 21.30m., cont. 4) period of disuse, to end 3rd. c. A.D. Fill IV (20.20-21.00m., cont. 1-3) another period of use, 4th. c. Fill ... To second half of 4th. c. A.D.

A 14:1.4: Fill VI

Coins: 9 June 1936 #2-#4 Coins from the dump: 18 May 1937 #1-#15 4 June 1937 #1, #3-#4 10 June 1937 #3-#5 d1.50m. to top.d. Mixed to Byzantine.


A 14:2: Cistern

Report on sorting of pottery, August 1951, by H.S. Robinson [nb p.3666]. Cistern discovered and dug to 1.60m., vi/10/36; dug to bottom iv/22/37-v/6/37. Diam. At mouth 0.26m.; neck begins to widen out ... 1st. c. B.C. to post-Herulian


[Deposit]  A 14:2.1

"baskets" 1-5 Coins: 22 April 1937 #7 23 April 1937 #17-#18 24 April 1937 #1 coins from Dump: 28 May 1937 #31-#32 ADDENDA Top-early 4th. c. consistent with coins of Licinius and Maximinus in good condition ... post-Herulian

[Deposit]  A 14:2.2

Coins: 26 April 1937 #1-#7 27 April 1937 #2-#5 28 April 1937 #1 ... 1st. c. B.C.-1st. c. A.D.

[Deposit]  A 14:2.3

"baskets" 11-12 Coins: 29 April 1937 #1-#2 6 May 1937 #1 d5.20m.-Bottomd. ADDENDA Bottom-see 1970 Hayes's list ... 1st. c. B.C.-1st. c. A.D.


A 16:1: Bronze casting pit and workshop

Debris filling in a bronze casting pit and workshop, characterized by mold fragments but including also a few plain vases and fragments of wine jars. Third quarter of 4th. c. BC ... Ca. 350-325 B.C.


A 16:2: Cistern channel fill

Filling in eastern channel at W. end of casting pit A 16:1. Early Roman (1st c. A.D.) but with some later disturbances (3rd. and 4th. c. A.D. and Byz.). P 25747 (VG thinks strayed from A 16:1) ... 1st. c. A.D.


A 16:3: Well

Hole (Well) and adjoining water channel with 4th c. pottery, probably a dumped fill. B 1199 has been placed with A 16:1 ... 31 May 1956


A 16:4: Cistern

Listed in notebook as at 6/ΛΗ but later found to be at 12/ΛΗ. Originally B 16:1 Subdivisions: .1=Upper filling and Dump .2=Lower filling ... Ca. 150 B.C.


A 16:4.1: Upper Filling and Dump

According to dates of finding: 'Mixed Greek and Roman'.


A 16:4.2: Lower filling

Chronology based VG's analysis of jars and stamps, 12 June 1957. P 25802: Pergamene and Arretine fragments, recorded along with the wine jars, but the pottery apparently not kept separate and these pieces ... To ca. 140 B.C.


A 17:1: Well

A well on the lower slope of the Hill of the Nymphs, to 7.90m. The scanty use filling at the bottom contained water jars and pitchers as well as the inventoried objects; above it was about 5.00m. of collapsed ... Second quarter of 6th. c. B.C.


A 17:2: Well

A well in the industrial area of the Areopagus, about 7.00m. west of the West Bath, to a depth of 14.60m. This well was the direct successor to A 17:1, replacing it when it collapsed. The use filling at ... Second quarter 6th. c.


A 17:2.1: Pit above well

Diam. ca. 2.00m.


A 17:2.2: POU

Diam. of well ca. 1.00m.


A 17:3: Pit

Pit, partly cleared; dumped filling of first half of 3rd. c. B.C., but with considerable material of the 4th. c. Hellenistic. Coins: 7 April 1956 #1-#9 ... 4th-3rd c. B.C.


A 18-19:1: Ostrakon Area

Pit in the valley between the Areopagus and the Hill of the Nymphs. Large cutting in bedrock with 540 ostraka, mainly of the late eighties of the 5th. c. B. C. Much pottery, principally of the early 5th ... Ca. 500-450 B.C.


A 18:1: Cistern

Cistern in the valley between the Areopagus and the Hill of the Nymphs. Coins: 6 May 1947 #6-#7 Dump Subdivisions: .1=Fill 1, Early Roman. .2=Fill 2 .3=Fill 3, 2nd. c. B.C ... 25-30 April 1947


A 18:1.1: Fill 1

Coins: 25 April 1947 #1 26 April 1947 #1-#5 28 April 1947 #1-#3

A 18:1.2: Fill 2

Not a group, one object only. Dug bedrock. Coins: 29 April 1947 #1


A 18:1.3: Fill 3

Coins: 29 April 1947 #2-#4 30 April 1947 #1-#2 ... 2nd. c. B.C.

A 18:2: Cremation

Grave. RSY Grave 50 ... Archaic period/beginning of the last quarter of the 6th century


A 18:3: Sacrificial Pyre

Sacrificial pyre, disturbed; a small pyxis (P 14864) is close to that from B 18:4. First half of 4th. c. B.C., perhaps first quarter ... First half 4th. c. B.C.


A 18:4: Pit grave

Mycenaean grave to west of House N, room 5. SAI ... Myc. III C:1


A 18:5: Well and packing behind tiles

Note of 20-III-52 (deposit nb): Have looked up notebook pp. 1101 ff. The fill of this well was certainly Roman, also some part of the fill behind the tiles - but is that only a part tunneled as a passage ... 2nd-3rd c. A.D.


A 18:6: Pit

Nb page 5044: Great shapeless pit with a well (62/Ξ) at its bottom which we were unable to dig because it was too dangerous. Fill in the pit was of sand and white ash. The finds and pottery 4th. and perhaps ... Late 4th.-early 3rd. c.


A 18:7: Pit/Drain A

A drain pit with red gravely fill. Coins: 5 April 1939 #1-#8 ADDENDA: See also tins Lot ΝΝ 70, ΝΝ 71. ADDENDA: P 14822 probably also belongs ... Mixed Hellenistic to Roman.

A 18:8: Tiled shaft and pit

This shaft in the NE corner of House A, Room III, depth of one tile, is perhaps connected with drain A. Coins: 13 May 1940 #1-#13 14 May 1940 #2-#101 ... Early 3rd. c. B.C.

A 18:9: Sacrificial Pyre

Grave over drain A1 (House A). Date based on the fact that the lopas has the upturned handle and the flat rather than domed lid, not found in examples from the later pyres. LT Originally A 20:2 ... First half of 4th. c. B.c.


A 19:1: Sacrificial Pyre

Pyre(?) in House N, S.W. Room. QUESTION P 34182-P 34185 are from another house, another room? How did they get into this deposit. Notebook ref? ... First quarter of the 4th c. B.C.

A 19:2: Well

Well K: PG, ELS ... Protogeometric

A 19:3: Pit

Pits in area 96-100/ΝΕ-ΝΘ (lower east slopes of Hill of the Nymphs, near extreme west edge of excavated area). Pit 2. Many fills in areas A 19 and A 20 similar in character to the fills in these pits ... 4th. c. B.C.

A 19:4: Pit

Pits in area 96-100/ΝΕ-ΝΘ (lower east slopes of Hill of the Nymphs, near extreme west edge of excavated area). Pit with bones. Many fills in areas A 19 and A 20 similar in character to the fills in these ... 4th. c. B.C.


A 19:5: Pit

Pits in area 96-100/ΝΕ-ΝΘ (lower east slopes of Hill of the Nymphs, near extreme west edge of excavated area). Scanty debris filling in a pit. Many fills in areas A 19 and A 20 similar in character to ... 4th. c. B.C.

A 19:6: Pit

Pits in area 96-100/ΝΕ-ΝΘ (lower east slopes of Hill of the Nymphs, near extreme west edge of excavated area). Shallow pit in bedrock against N. face of wall. dMax. depth 0.20m.d. Many fills in areas ... Ca. 325-300 B.C.


A 20-21:1: Drain cutting

Early cutting beside Great Drain: 103-111/Λ-ΛΓ (= "Deep cutting" Pit at 107/ΛΑ). Abandonment filling in channel for early drain; the fragment of a red figured bell krater, P 17000, probably to be dated ... Ca. 425-395 B.C.

A 20:2*: Sacrificial Pyre

Grave over Drain A1 (House A) *Now A 18:9 (SIR).


A 20:3: Pyre

(RSY=Pyre 2). Pyre in the industrial area west of the Areopagus, in House B ... Third quarter of the 4th. century.


A 20:4: Pyre?

A compact group of four complete vases and a lamp, found on a house floor; possibly the remains of a sacrificial pyre but without evidence of burning or the characteristic votive vases. Layer II, group ... Last quarter 5th. c. B.C.


A 20:5: Protogeometric Pit-Well

E.L. Smithson: Group H: Collapsed well west of the Great Drain. First described as 105-107/Protogeometric Pit ... Protogeometric


A 20:6: House fillings

Fills from construction and reconstruction of a house. Under the original floor of this house were sherds including two red figured pieces (P 17137, P 19880). The filling of the floor levels of the house ... Second half of the 5th. c. B.C.


A 20:7: Refuse Pit

Scanty debris filling in a pit. The wishbone-handled bowl (P 16753) is of the middle of the third quarter of the 5th. c. century, as are also two red figured fragments, P 25820 and P 25821; the deposit ... Ca. 450-400 B.C.

[Deposit]  A 20:8*

*Merged with A 20:7.


A 20:9: Fillings

"South Triangle" abandonment filling over Brown House (House A) in the industrial area. Layers 1-3 and layer 4, to floor of second period. As late as the 3rd. c. B.C. but composed largely of earlier material ... 3rd c. B.C. and earlier

A 20:10: Infant burial(?)

Grave (?) under wall 4. Infant burial(?); a kados, P 16747, lying sideways with a tall cylindrical stand, P 16748, set over it as a cover; the upper parts of the pots cut away ... Late 6th. c. B.C.


A 21:1: Shaft with caves

Shaft (= well + caves) at 116-118/ΚΕ-ΚΣΤ Coins: 6 May 1939 #16-#21 8 May 1939 #35-#37 9 May 1939 #1 24 April 1940 #6 ... 2nd. quarter - mid-5th. c. A.D.


A-B 18:1: Chamber tomb

Mycenaean tomb: Myc. III A:1-2. SAI ... 2nd half of 14th c.


A-B 19-20:1: Great Drain South

Great Drain South (ca. 70-113, from SW edge of section as far north as the Roman Bath) Hellenistic Sand Fill. Silted-up filling of the southern branch of the Great Drain, abandoned due to some damage at ... 4th. c.-86 B.C.


A-B 19-20:2: Great Drain South

Fillings to either side of the Great Drain, in the southern part of the area west of the Areopagus; various levels, late 6th. and early 5th c. B.C. to Sullan destruction. Coins: 26 July 1946 #1-#2 30 July ... Late 6th. c. B.C.-1st. c. A.D.


A-B 21-22:1: Terrace fillings

West Terrace, South End, Layers IV and V. Heavy dumped filling associated with terrace walls at the extreme south end of the excavations in the Areopagus industrial area. The proportion of figured and ... Ca. 420-390 B.C.

B 10:1: Infant pot inhumation

Disturbed burial (no remains), probably an infant pot inhumation. Inhumation grave 17 in notebook. (E.L. Smithson: Grave XIX: PG). Shallow oval cutting containing a banded amphora on its side, mouth ... LPG


B 10:2: Pit tomb, adult inhumation

Adult inhumation; skeletal material; no offerings. Submycenaean? JP Grave 18 in notebook. In some records as Grave XIX bis.?? ... LH IIIC/EPG (date uncertain)

B 10:3: Channel Mouth 5

Water channel in north part of section. Hellenistic and Early Roman pottery. No inventoried finds ... 13-14 March 1936


B 11:1: Channel Mouth 6

Water channel in north part of section. Pottery late 2nd.-1st. c. B.C. Coins: 14 March 1936 #8 ... 13-16 March 1936


B 11:2: Square Pit

Scanty debris filling in a square pit with 4th. c. sherds at bottom. Notebook says 36-38/ΝΑ-ΝΒ and T 81 ... 1st. qtr. 4th. c. B.C.


B 12:1: Well

Well on south slope of Kolonos Agoraios. Coins: 23 March 1936 #5-#6 31 March 1936 #3 30 April 1936 #1 1 May 1936 #6 2 May 1936 #2 5 May 1936 #8 6 May 1936 #15-#16 14 May 1936 #5-#8 15 May 1936 #1-#3 16 ... 23 March-20 May 1936 5-16 May 1937

B 12:1.1: Dump

.1=Dump ... 4th. c. A.D.


[Deposit]  B 12:1.2

.2=Original fill dumped back in. "Perhaps cleaned out for sake of tiles and original fill dumped back in." HSR ... 1st.-3rd. c. A.D.


B 12:1.3: POU

.3=POU ... Second half of 1st. c. B.C.-first half of 1st. c. A.D. POU

B 12:2: Drawshaft

Cistern system on Kolonos Agoraios; shaft leading to chamber (76/ΝΘ) Coins: 4 June 1936 #1-#4 ... 3rd. c.


B 12:3: Rectangular Pit

Mixed filling in a well cut rectangular pit. Debris of the second half of the 5th. c., deposited as late as the second quarter of the 4th. c. B.C ... Second quarter 4th c. B.C.

B 12:4: Pit

Filling in a sizeable pit. The objects, along with the dimensions of the cutting from which they came, might suggest offerings in a disturbed grave but there was no evidence of skeletal remains ... Ca. 430-415 B.C.


B 12:5: Well

Well near west edge of level area south of the Hephaisteion. Dumped filling thrown in near end of 4th. c. but by far the greater part belonging to the 30 years before 350 B.C. Coins: 8 April 1936 #5 9 ... Ca. 380-350 B.C.


B 12:6: Footing trench

Pit along house wall foundations to south = footing trench. Uncertain context, possibly no later than ca. 425 B.C ... Second half 5th c. B.C.


B 13:1: Chamber Cistern

Part of cistern system 76/ΝΖ-76/ΝΘ-81/ΝΘ on Kolonos Agoraios with lower dumped filling of 3rd. c. B.C. and upper dumped filling of first half of 1st. c. A.D. Subdivisions: .1=upper fill. .2=lower fill ... 3rd. c. B.C.-1st. c. A.D.


B 13:1.2: Lower fill

Coins: 4 June 1936 #5 5 June 1936 #3 ... 3rd. c. B.C.


B 13:2: Well

Well with overflow into cistern system. Probably Hellenistic in origin. POU late 1st. c. to early 3rd. c. Dumped filling of 4th. (and 5th.?) c. Abandoned at 22.50m. because of water. Subdivisions: .1=upper ... Late 1st. c.-4th. c. A.D.


B 13:2.1: Upper fill

Coins: 4 June 1936 #12 22 June 1936 #1-#3 ... 4th. c. B.C.


B 13:2.2: Lower fill

Coins: 21 May 1937 #5-#31 22 May 1937 #2-#4 from dump: 28 May 1937 #1, #12-#24, #26-#28 1 June 1937 #1 12 June 1937 #1-#7 ... Late 1st. c.-earliest 3rd. c. A.D.

B 13:3: Drawshaft

Cistern system on Kolonos Agoraios, shaft into south passage (81/ΝΘ). The fill again seemed to be a dumped fill; probably rather late 3rd. c. Coins: 8 June 1936 #1-#3 ... Late 3rd. c.


B 13:4: Cistern and Draw Shaft

Cistern at 78/ΜΑ and shaft at 85/Ν. Coins: 18 May 1936 #2-#3 ... Ca. 320-340 A.D.


B 13:5: Well

Dumped filling in the upper part of a well, to a depth of 6.65m. (the excavation could not be completed and the use filling was not reached). Homogeneous fill dumped from nearby. Coins: 27 April 1937 #13-#16 ... Ca. 425-400 B.C.


B 13:6: Well

Fillings in a well on south slope of Kolonos Agoraios. The shaft reached a depth of 20.28m., but produced no use filling. The lower part, from water level at 12.60m. to bottom, provided only mud and gravel ... Ca. 425-400 B.C.


B 13:7: Well

Well on south slope of Kolonos Agoraios. Stratified deposit. Coins: 8 May 1937 #3 14 May 1937 #1 Subdivisions: .1=16.00-17.00m. .2=17.00-18.00m. .3=18.00-19.00m. .4=19.00-21.00m. .5=21.50-22.70m ... 3rd. c. B.C.-3rd. c. A.D.

B 13:7.1: Dump

Coins from dump: 27 May 1937 #2-#9 28 May 1937 #3-#1 Not later than 3rd. c. A.D ... 3rd. c. A.D.


B 13:7.3: Dump

1st. c. A.D.


B 13:7.4: Dump

2nd.-1st. c. B.C.


B 13:8: Well

A well toward the south end of Kolonos Agoraios. Period of use fill dated to ca. 325-260 B.C. and upper fill dated to ca. 250-225 B.C. in Agora XXX. Coins: 30 March 1937 #1 31 March 1937 #1-#4 1 April ... Ca. 325-260 B.C.


B 13:8.1: Dump

The upper, dumped filling seems to have been derived partly from the house associated with the well, and partly from material excavated in lowering the nearby area, as is shown by vase fragments characteristic ... Ca. 250-225 B.C.


B 14:1: Well

The well had two upper fills and a stratified deposit at the bottom. The well deposit is divided into two parts, 3rd. c. and 2nd. c. (with perhaps late 1st. c.). Subdivisions: .1=0.00-17.75m. upper and ... 1st.-3rd. c.


B 14:1.1: Dump

From the mouth to 10.50m. a fill of earth with mixed sherds, Roman 4th. c. to geometric. Probably dumped in to fill the well. From 10.50-17.75m. the fill was of broken bedrock, with a few sherds scattered ... 5th. c.


B 14:1.3: Lower well deposit

Coins: 13 May 1937 #1-#6 25 May 1937 #1-#5 (from the dump, probably belonging to bottom deposit) ... 2nd. c.


B 14:2: Well

Well on south slope of Kolonos Agoraios. Use filling of late 1st. to late 2nd. c. A.D.; dumped filling of 4th. c. A.D. Subdivisions: .1=0.00-19.50m. dumped fill (15.40-19.50m. produced nothing). .2=19.50-20.70m ... 1st.-4th c. A.D.


B 14:2.1: Dumped fill

Coins: 27 April 1937 #6-#12 28 April 1937 #2 29 April 1937 #2 8 May 1937 #1-#2 15.40-19.50m. produced nothing ... 4th. c. A.D.


B 14:2.2: POU to bottom

Coins: 19 May 1937 #1-#10 24 May 1937 #1 25 May 1937 #6 26 May 1937 #1-#2 ... Late 1st.-late 2nd. c. A.D.