Southwest Fountain House

Closer to the agora proper a row of five public buildings lined the south side of the square in the Classical period (Fig. 29, 36). They comprise several important monuments, though their state of preservation is poor. They are slightly more comprehensible if viewed from the ancient road that ran above them to the south.

Figure 29. Cutaway view of the Archaic and Classical buildings along the south side of the Agora.
Figure 36. South side of the Agora, ca. 400 B.C.

The westernmost building takes the form of the letter L (Fig. 30). A colonnade on two sides gave access to a large reservoir, the terminus of a long stone aqueduct that approached the building from the east, running under the south street. Low parapets set between columns allowed access to the water, delivered to the fountain by means of channels set within the thickness of the walls. One of the largest fountains of the city, the building is dated on the basis of pottery to the years around 350–325 B.C.

Figure 30. Model of the Southwest Fountain House, one of the largest in Athens, ca. 350–325 B.C.
Excavations in the Athenian Agora are conducted by the American School of Classical Studies.
Primary funding is provided by the Packard Humanities Institute (PHI).