South Stoa I

Measuring some 80 meters long, South Stoa I takes up much of the south side; its eastern end is the better preserved (Figs. 31, 32). It had a double colonnade, with sixteen rooms behind. It dates to ca. 430–420 B.C. and economies brought on by the Peloponnesian War may have determined the use of mudbrick and reused blocks in its construction. The off-center doors indicate the placement of dining couches in the rooms, perhaps used by magistrates fed at public expense, and an inscription found in the building suggests that at least one room was used by the metronomoi, the officials in charge of weights and measures. Numerous coins found in the excavations also reflect the commercial function of the building. The stoa was dismantled in the middle years of the 2nd century B.C. to make way for South Stoa II.

Figure 31. Reconstruction of a dining room in South Stoa I, ca. 430–420 B.C.
Figure 32. Aerial view of the east end of South Stoa I, ca. 430–420 B.C.
Excavations in the Athenian Agora are conducted by the American School of Classical Studies.
Primary funding is provided by the Packard Humanities Institute (PHI).